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medicines for diabetes

As we know that diabetes is a major and the most common disease nowadays, and it is increasing day by day. Most of the people suffering from diabetes all over the world. Diabetes is a disease that leads to high levels of blood glucose (or sugar) in the body.

If you are not able to control your diabetes with wise food options and physical exercise, you may require diabetes medicines. The set of medicine you take depends on your type of diabetes, your schedule, and your additional health requirements.

Now we are going to tell you a list of the best medicine for diabetes that will surely help to control diabetes.

List Of The Best Medicine For Diabetes

There are various types of medicine for diabetes, but all of which not work in the same ways. All medicines have own benefit and condition.

Note: Not all treatments are suitable for everyone. So, before starting any kind of treatment talks to your doctor.

1. Biguanide (Metformin)

Biguanide (Metformin)

This is the best medicine for diabetes type 2. If you are suffering from diabetes type 2, Biguanide (Metformin) is the first medicine which is prescribed by the doctor.

If a balanced diet and physical exercise alone has not enough supported to control your blood sugar levels (also called blood glucose levels), then metformin can play an important role to control your diabetes.

Side Effects:

    • Nausea
    • Diarrhea (in some peoples)

2. Thiazolidinediones (glitazones)

Thiazolidinediones (glitazones)

Thiazolidinediones (glitazones) decreases insulin resistance and increases sensitivity, allowing the insulin that your body produces to work more efficiently. This group of medicines involves rosiglitazone and pioglitazone.

Additionally, it helps to preserve the cells in the pancreas, providing them to create insulin for a longer period of time.

Side Effects:

  • Weight gain
  • Fluid retention

Must Read: Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes, And Treatment

3. Sulfonylureas


Sulfonylureas are the most commonly prescribed medicine for diabetes. These group of medicines helps your pancreas make more insulin. they helping it to work more effectively within your body. They are not too much expansive but have some side effects. There are 3 kinds of sulfonylureas: glipizide, glimepiride, and glyburide.

If you are allergic to sulfa, you can’t take a sulfonylurea.

Side Effects:

  • Weight gain
  • low level of sodium in the blood

4. Alpha-glucosidase inhibitor (Acarbose)

Alpha-glucosidase inhibitor (Acarbose)

It helps to decrease or maintain blood sugar level after taking a meal because it reduces the intestines absorption of carbohydrates include starchy food for eg. corn or potato.

Acrobase and miglitol are the two medicines of this group.

Side Effects:

  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Bloating
  • Acidity

5. Sodium-glucose transporter 2 (SGLT2)

Sodium-glucose transporter 2

This is a newer group of medicines for diabetes. Sodium-glucose transporter 2 (SGLT2) involves three medicines: canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, and empagliflozin.

These medicine helps to remove extra sugar from your body by blocking it from the kidneys. It also causes your body to be extra sensitive to insulin.

Side Effects:

  • Vaginal yeast infections
  • Urinary tract infections

6. Bile acid sequestrants

Bile acid sequestrants

This group of medicine performs double work. Medicine in this group, colesevelam, lowers cholesterol and reduces blood sugar levels. Hence, it could be the best option if you are suffering from diabetes and high cholesterol levels. And because these medications are not absorbed in the blood stream, they can be a good option for someone who is facing liver issues and cannot take some of the other medicines for diabetes.

Side Effects:

  • Constipation
  • Acidity

7. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors


Sitagliptin, saxagliptin, linagliptin, and alogliptin are the four medicines of this group. DPP-4 inhibitors help your pancreas to produce more insulin after taking a meal.

Side Effects:

  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea

8. Meglitinides


Repaglinide and nateglinide are the two medicines of this group. These medicine help to lower your blood glucose, by prompting the pancreas to release more insulin.

These medicines work fastly and do not stay in your body for a long time. If your meal timing is not the same, then this medicine is a good option for you.

Side Effects:

  • Weight Gain
  • Respiratory infection

So, these are the list of the best medicines for diabetes. All medicines are easily available. And these all are highly prescribed by the doctor for diabetes.

There are various medicines available to treat diabetes of both type 1 and type 2. They all work in different techniques to help you control your blood sugar.

Talk to your doctor and take the suggestions which diabetes medicine may be the best for you. Your doctor will give suggestions based on the type of diabetes you have, your health, and some other circumstances.

Hope this article helps you to know the best medicines for diabetes. If you like this content then, don’t forget to share it also with your friends!