Kidney Stones is the most common problem at this time. Kidney stones can happen in one or both kidneys and most often affect people aged between 30 to 60 years.
Have you ever feel kidney stones pain? Then there is good news for you because here we will give full information about Kidney Stones Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment.
They’re quite common, with around three in 20 men and up to two in 20 women developing them at some stage of their lives.
Let’s have a look forward and know what are Kidney Stones.
The scientific name of kidney stones is nephrolithiasis, and if they cause severe pain it’s known as renal colic. Kidney Stones are hard deposits made from minerals and salt that from inside your kidney.
Kidney stones vary in shape and size. They may be as small as a seed of sand or as big as a pea. Rarely, only few kidney stones are as big as golf balls.
But, they can grow anywhere along your urinary tract, which consists of these parts:
Kidney stones are one of the painful medical situations. The causes of kidney stones depend on the type of stone.
The four main types of kidney stones are:
The main cause of kidney stones is a shortage of water in the body. The waste material in the blood can infrequently build crystals that settle inside the kidneys. Over time, the crystals may build up to form a hard stone-like lump.
This is more likely to happen if you don’t drink fluids in sufficient amount, if you’re taking some kind of medical treatment, or if you have a medical condition like Crohn’s disease, urinary tract infections, renal tubular acidosis, medullary sponge kidney, hyperparathyroidism, and Dent’s disease increase the risk of having kidney stones.
An extremely acidic environment in the urine can affect the development of kidney stones. After a kidney stone has build up, your body will try to pass it out when you go to the toilet (in the urine). This means it will often travel through the urinary system (the kidneys, kidney tubes, and bladder).
Kidney stones are most common in males rather than females. Maximum people who feel kidney stones do so within the ages of 30 and 60 years.
There are many possibilities for forming kidney stones like that long-term use of vitamin D and calcium supplements cause high calcium levels, which can contribute to kidney stones.
Some other factors that increase the risk of forming kidney stones include:
Symptoms of kidney stones are undetected until the stone begins to move down the ureters. You may have pain one side of your back or abdomen.
When symptoms of kidney stones become clear, they commonly include:
Small stones may pass without causing symptoms.
Treatment of kidney stones depends on the size and shape of the stone and which type of this made of, whether it is causing pain or blocking the urine tract. After the answering these questions your doctor can recognize the which is the right treatment for you. But most of the kidney stones are the size of less than 4mm in diameter, which is too small, and this treated at home.
But the stone is big then patients need some treatment procedures, which are given below:
Medication can also be injected to treat the sign and symptoms of nausea (feeling sick) and vomiting. This is called an anti-emetic (anti-sickness) medication. You may also be given a prescription for painkillers, anti-emetics, or both, to take at home.
Some other medications are:
When a stone is stuck in the ureter or bladder, and the doctor may use an instrument called a ureteroscope to remove it.
In this procedure, a small wire with a camera connected is inserted into the urethra and passed into the bladder. The doctor then uses a short cage to snag the stone and extract it. The stone is then given to the lab for examination.
One treatment option is a shock wave therapy named lithotripsy. In this treatment, doctors use shock waves to break up the kidney stones into small pieces. After the lithotripsy, the pieces of the stones will pass through from the urinary tract and out of your body with your urine.
This treatment generally complete in 45 minutes to 60 minutes.
PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE
The best way to prevent kidney stones is to stay hydrated and drink plenty of water each day.
Lifestyle changes can decrease the risk of kidney stones include:
Some drug used to prevent kidney stones include:
NOTE: Keep in mind, Never start or stop any kind of treatment or diet without talking to your doctor first!
Therefore, this all about Kidney stones causes, symptoms and treatment. Hope this article will surely help you to solve any type of query which is related to kidney stones.
In simple words, take care of yourself, our life is too precious. So, try to understand your body needs and also fulfill these needs.
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