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Herpes types, causes, treatments

What is Herpes?

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Herpes is also called (HSV)Herpes Simplex Virus, is a viral infection that is caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus. A virus that causes infectious sores on the skin, mostly around the mouth or on genitalia. Spreads rapidly through direct contact with the affected person from HSV.

Viruses can be dangerous in newborn babies or people, who have weak immune systems.

Most people with HSV will not show any symptoms, but they can still pass on the virus. Symptoms of HSV are usually mild but may cause discomfort.

Herpes can be annoying and painful, but it usually does not lead to serious health problems.

Herpes simplex virus

There are two subtypes of the herpes simplex virus, First HSV1 and second is HSV2. both types of herpes simplex virus can make lesions around of your external sex organs, vagina, cervix, anus, penis, scrotal, butt, internal thighs, lips, mouth, throat, and rarely around your eyes.

What is HPV?

 

what is HPV
what is HPV

 

HPV stands for human papillomavirus. This is the most common sexually transmitted infection. HPV is usually harmless and goes by itself, but some types can cause cancer or genital warts. An infection that causes warts in different parts of the body basically it depends on the stain.

Many people with HPV do not develop any symptoms but still can infect others through sexual contact. Symptoms may include warts on genitals or surrounding skin.

There is no cure for viruses and warts can go away. Treatment is available for removal of warts. A vaccine which prevents the possibility of genital warts for HPV strains and cervical cancer is recommended for boys and girls.

Most common types

HSV are two types-

  • HSV-1 or Oral herpes
  • HSV-2 or Genital herpes

1. What is oral herpes?

Oral herpes is also called HSV-1, type 1 herpes simplex virus or herpes labialis. It is usually caused by HSV-1, with the virus Oral herpes infection affect around the border of the lips. Oral herpes spreads through near personal contact, such as kissing. People usually refer to the infection as “cold sores”.

Due to oral herpes, there are small, fluid-filled lesions called cold sores or fever blisters, which can occur again.

People contract herpes by touching infected saliva, mucous membrane, or skin. Because the virus is highly contagious, most people have been infected with at least 1 herpes subtype before adulthood.

How it spreads

  • By saliva (kissing or shared drinks).
  • Skin-to-skin contact (handshakes or hugs).
  • By having unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex.

A. Mouth sores

One or more painful sores on inner lips, gums, tongue, the roof of the mouth or throat that may interfere with eating, such as a canker sore.

Canker sores sometimes considered as due to HSV, but this is not true. Canker sores are only on the inside of the mouth, on the tongue and on the soft palate (the roof of the mouth), not on skin surfaces. Although they reoccur. they are not infectious, are usually self-limiting, and there is almost no complexity.

Common causes of this symptom

Mouth ulcers can have causes that aren’t due to underlying disease. Examples include canker sores, burns, biting the tongue or cheeks, or acidic foods like sour dessert and pineapple.

Self-treatment

Allowing ice chips to melt over the ulcers or rinsing your mouth with salt water or baking soda and water may help to lessen pain. Avoiding spicy, acidic and abrasive foods may also help. Using anti-ulcer gels may provide some relief.

B. Cold sores

Cold wounds, also called fever blisters, are a common viral infection. They are also small, fluid blisters on and around your lips. These blisters are often grouped together in a patch. After blasting of the blister, a scab is formed on the resulting wound. Cold Sores usually cured without leaving the stain in two to four weeks.

People may experience:

Mouth: sore lip, tingling, tingling lips, or ulcers

Skin: blister, rashes, ulcers, or redness

Also common: burning sensation

2.Genital Herpes

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Genital herpes caused by the HSV2. It is a type of herpes simplex virus, and a common sexually transmitted infection marked by genital pains and lesions. the disease can affect both men and women.

It causes Pain, itching and small sores appear first. They form ulcers and scabs.

After the initial infection, genital herpes remains inactive in the body.  

Most people notice symptoms within a few weeks after catching the virus from someone else. Symptoms can recur for years.

How do people get genital herpes?

When people can get infected with genital herpes:

  • They do vaginal or anal sex with anyone with genital herpes (even if there is no wound).
  • Receive oral physical relationship from a partner who has oral herpes (cold sores).
  • They touch the infected area of herpes and then touch their genitals.
  • Their genitalia touches the skin in the genital area of ​​an infected person (even if there is no wound).

How is genital herpes spread?

  • Through mother to baby by pregnancy, labor or nursing.
  • Having unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex.

HSV-2 is mainly transmitted during sexual intercourse through the contact of the fluid of a person infected with genital surfaces, skin, sores or virus. HSV-2 can be transmitted to the skin in the genital or anal area which is normal and often transmitted in the absence of symptoms. In rare circumstances, HSV-2 infection can spread from one mother to her infant during delivery.

HSV 2 transmission female to male

Study data shows that condom use reduces the possibility of per-function HSV-2 transmission from male to female to 95% and female to male 66%. … If you have an infection of oral herpes and have oral sex with your partner, then there is a risk that it can develop genital herpes.

Recurrence

Herpes virus can be reactivated by some triggers. This is known as a recurrence and can happen even when you have a general immune system. There are several known triggers that can stimulate recurrence:

  • Physical stress, such as infection, illness or injury
  • Frequent emotional stress or anxiety for more than one week
  • Ultraviolet light, excessive heat or exposure to cold
  • Hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle, such as
  • Fatigue

Health Risk Factors

Health Risk factor
Health Risk factor

If you already have HSV-1 or HSV-2, then there are many health factors that can make you more serious or long-lasting HSV infection. These risk factors do not make you more likely to acquire infections, though.

Immunosuppression: If your immune system is deficient for any reason, then you are at risk of becoming more severe or persistent HSV infections, or your risk of continuous re-infection.

HIV: HIV infection typically causes a reduction in the resistance to the virus, and if you have HIV infection then herpes virus infection can be more serious.

Lifestyle Risk Factors

Herpes is a particularly common virus, and there is a high risk of exposure to certain activities:

Unprotected Sex: HSV-2 is most often transmitted through sex from one person to another, including oral sex. HSV-1 can also be transmitted through sexual activity, although this is not as common. Having many sexual partners and having unprotected sex with those partners who may be infected, increase your risk.

Kissing: One of the common risk factors is kissing or other mouth contacts. These habits transmitting the infection to one body to others.

Sharing items: The HSV-1 virus can be spread by sharing items like cups, mouth guards, toothbrushes, and even towels, which have recently been exposed to viruses. Using someone else’s lipstick, lip gloss, or lip balm is particularly problematic because these items are naturally moist so that the virus can easily stick around.

Prolonged skin-to-skin contact: Herpes Gladiatorum is a type of infection caused by HSV-1, which is characterized by lesions on the face, head, and neck. This type of herpes infection is often noted among the wrestlers.

Herpes zoster

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It is also called Shingles which is an infection. Herpes Zoster is caused by the varicella zoster virus, the same virus also causes chickenpox.  The virus that brings painful rash and pain of shingles.

This type of viral infection is characterized by red skin rashes which can cause pain and irritation. Herpes usually appears on the one side of the body like a bandage of blisters, usually on the torso, neck or face.

Symptoms of shingles

The first signs of herpes are usually pain and irritation. The pain usually occurs on one side of the body and occurs in a small patch. A red rash usually follows.

Rash characteristics include:

  • red patches
  • fluid-filled blisters that break easily
  • itching
  • a rash that moves from the spine to the torso
  • a rash on the face and ears

Can herpes be cured?

There is no cure for herpes. However, there are medicines which can prevent or reduce outbreaks. One of these anti-herpes medicines can be taken daily for increasing antibody, and it is less likely that you pass infections to your sexual partner (s).

Diagnosing herpes simplex

Diagnosing
Diagnosing

The most common way to diagnose both types of herpes simplex is a physical examination. A doctor will examine the blister and sores, will inquire about the other symptoms. Behalf of these test, Doctor will able to diagnosis the disease.

To confirm the presence of the virus a laboratory test can also be performed to known as the viral culture of the lesions test. To do this, a sample of fluid is taken from wounds and sent to a laboratory for testing. The test is also available to differentiate between one and two herpes simplex viruses including immunofluorescence staining and immunoblot test (IgG).

If there are no symptoms of the virus, blood tests can be ordered to diagnose an infection with herpes simplex virus. This is known as a serum herpes simplex antibody test. After taking blood, the sample will be sent to a laboratory and tested, not for viruses, but for the presence of antibodies produced by the body to fight the virus.

Herpes treatment

If you think you have herpes, then see your doctor as soon as possible. When lesions occur, it is easy to diagnose. You can start treatment soon and may be less pain with infection.

Medication

There is no cure for herpes. But medicines can help. Medicines like Acyclovir and Valacyclovir fight against the herpes virus. They can speed up the treatment and reduce the pain of herpes for many people. They can be used to treat the primary outbreak or recurrent.

If medicines are being used to treat repeat outbreaks, they should be started as soon as possible when you feel any tingling, irritation or itching. They can be taken every day to stop the repetition. Aciclovir also comes in a cream to be applied to the lesions during the primary stage or in recurrence.

Episodic treatment and suppressive treatment

Episodic treatment is usually for those who have less repetition than six in 1 year. Each time the symptoms appear, the doctor can write a 5-day course of antiviral.

If a person experiences more than six recurrences in a year, then doctors may prescribe repetitive treatment. In some cases, a doctor recommends that the person takes daily antiviral treatment for indefinitely. The purpose here is to prevent further recurrence. Although repressive treatment greatly reduces the risk of passing an HSV to a partner, there is still a risk.

Home Remedies and Lifestyle

There are some things that you can do at your home to reduce the pain of a cold sore or genital herpes. In addition, it may be transmitted from recurrence, so you can take some steps to stop the wounds from spreading and spread.

Do not scratch: It is important to avoid touching and scratching the skin sores caused by herpes, because you can spread the infection to other areas of your skin.

Apply cold compresses: Keep a well-insulated ice pack on your wounds as long as it makes you feel better. The wound will not be cold or worse, but it can reduce the pain.

Keep the sores clean: Cold sores and genital herpes infection can be infected with bacteria by your hands or, in the latter case, urine or stools. It is important to keep areas of sores and blisters clean and dry to avoid additional infection.

Reduce stress: Stress can interfere with the optimal immune system function. Reducing your stress can help to prevent the recurrence of excessive herpes.

And remember: If you already know that you have HSV-1 or HSV-2, avoid skin to skin contact and also avoid infecting others.

What happens if I don’t get treated?

Living with herpes

It’s common to feel guilty or ashamed when you are diagnosed with herpes. You may feel that your sex life is ruined or you feel that the one you can trust can hurt you. You can feel sad or upset. Talk to your family doctor about how you feel.

Herpes is very common and many people affected by this disease. About 1 in 6 adults have it. Herpes may less severe as time goes on. You should not make sexual relations during outbreaks and at other times you can use condoms to protect your sexual partner.

Tips on dealing with herpes

  • Talk to your doctor if you think you have affected by herpes.
  • Keep in mind that you are not alone. Millions of people have symptoms of herpes.
  • Be healthy and keep your stress limited.
  • Don’t touch your sores.
  • Talk to your sex partner for relation and use condoms.

Tips to soothe the pain

  • Take aspirin, acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin).
  • Place lukewarm or cool cloths on the sore place.
  • Take a bath with lukewarm water.
  • Keep the area dry and clean.
  • Wear cotton underwear.
  • Wear loose-fitting clothes.

Prevention of Herpes simplex

Herpes simplex is mostly spread by skin to skin contact, as well as through objects that are in contact with herpes lesions. Those who have been infected with the virus should take many measures to reduce their risk of infecting herpes simplex. These include:

  • Avoid kissing during an outbreak, when the chances of transmitting the virus are highest
  • Don’t share things such as toothbrushes and eating utensils
  • Avoid touching the sores (if impossible, ensure the hands are thoroughly washed before coming into contact with anyone else)

To reduce the risk of spreading or congestion of genital herpes, using condoms during vaginal, oral, and anal intercourse is the most effective method. However, the condom does not cover all parts of the genital area, which means that they do not guarantee complete protection.

During the outbreak of the virus, sexual activity should be completely avoided, because it happens when the virus is most likely to transmit. Should always avoid sharing sex toys. Full protection against viruses can be guaranteed through sexual miscarriage only through sexual activity.

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