Nowadays, Diabetes is a common problem. Maximum population in the world are suffering from diabetes. Since of 2015, an expected 415 million people had diabetes worldwide, with type 2. Diabetes at least increases a person’s risk of unexpected death. From the year 2012 to 2015, nearly 1.5 to 5.0 million deaths each year emerged from diabetes. So, we need to know diabetes symptoms, causes, and treatment.
Do you want to control your diabetes? Then, keep reading. We will give you full information about diabetes symptoms, causes, and treatment.
But first of all, we need to know what is diabetes.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease where people don’t produce sufficient insulin to meet their body’s requirements. Insulin is necessary because it moves glucose, a simple sugar, into the body’s cells from the blood. We eat food it provides glucose to our body, which is used as a source energy by the cells for our body.
Types of Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
In this diabetes, your immune system mistakenly attacks the beta cells in your pancreas which produce insulin. Most people are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes.
In Type 1 diabetes occurs most commonly in people of northern European ancestry.
Treatment for Type 1 Diabetes:
It involves taking insulin, which needs to be injected through the skin into the fatty tissue below. The methods of injecting insulin include:
- Use of Insulin pens that use pre-filled cartridges and a fine needle
- Using of Jet injectors that use high-pressure air to send a spray of insulin through the skin.
- Need for needling pumps that dispense insulin through flexible tubing to a catheter under the skin of the abdomen.
- Frequently testing of your blood sugar levels.
- Exercise daily
- Careful meal planning
- Taking medicine and insulin if need
People with type 2 diabetes live long if they carefully monitor their glucose and make the needed lifestyle changes and beware to the treatment plan, diagnosed with type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes
In this diabetes, the pancreas does not make enough insulin or the body does not use insulin properly. It usually occurs in adults, although in some cases children also affected. Type 2 diabetes people usually have a family history of this condition and 90% are overweight. Which people affected by type 2 diabetes may eventually need insulin injections. This condition mostly finds in people of Indigenous and African descent, Hispanics, and Asians.
In Type 2 diabetes, the pancreas usually produces some insulin and the amount produced is not enough for the body’s needs, or the body’s cells are resistant to lack of the sensitivity to insulin, happens primarily in fat, liver, and muscle cells.
People are obese more than 20% over their ideal body weight for their height are at particularly high risk of developing type 2 diabetes and its related medical problems. Obese people have insulin resistance. Insulin with resistance, the pancreas has to work overly hard to produce more insulin. However then, there is not sufficient insulin to keep sugars normal.
Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes :
- Careful planning of meal to ensure adequate pregnancy nutrients without excess fat and calories
- Daily exercise
- Controlling pregnancy weight gain
- Using diabetes insulin to control blood sugar levels if needed
Type 1 Causes: Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. It’s believed that a combination of genetic inclination and further environmental (as yet unidentified) factors motivate the immune system into attacking and killing the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. There is no way to stop type 1 diabetes from happening.
Type 2 Causes: Type 2 diabetes is mainly caused by insulin protection. This means no concern how much or how light insulin is produced, the body can’t use it as well as it should. As a result, glucose can’t be passed from the blood into cells. Over time, the excess sugar in the blood gradually poisons the pancreas causing it to make less insulin and making it even more difficult to keep blood glucose under control.
Some other risk factor of type 2:
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Blood vessel disease
- Being 40 years of age or older
- Mental health disorders like Depression
The major Diabetes symptoms are:
- Unintended weight loss
- Polyuria (increased urination)
- Polydipsia (increased thirst)
- Polyphagia (increased hunger)
Some other diabetes symptoms and sign:
- Blurred vision,
- A headache
- Slow healing of cuts
- Itchy skin
In present Diabetes is a serious disease that you cannot treat on your own and your personal doctor will help you make a diabetes treatment plan that is right for you — and that you can understand.
You also need other health care professionals such as a foot doctor, nutritionist, eye doctor, and a diabetes specialist called an endocrinologist.
Diabetes treatment requires keeping close watch over your blood sugar levels (and keeping them at a goal set by your doctor) with a combination of medications, exercise, and balanced diet.
Though paying close attention to what and when you eat, you can minimize or avoid the “seesaw effect” of rapidly changing blood sugar levels, which can require quick changes in medication dosages, especially insulin.
This is the most important factor to control your diabetes. A doctor always recommends that making lifestyle changes to support weight loss and overall health.
Eat food which is lower in fat and calories and rich with fiber. You need to include vegetables, fruits, and whole grains in your diet.
Keep in mind avoid high sugar food.
You need to do regular exercise, this will surely help you. Even exercise is good for our overall health.
Set your daily plan and follow it with full of dedication. Engaging in a minimum of 30 minutes of exercise per day on at least 5 days of the week, like go for a walk, aerobics, riding a bike, yoga or swimming. But if you can’t fit with a long workout, then divides it into a small session.
3.Manage your Weight
As we all know that extra weight is not good for our health. So, if you are overweight then reduce your extra weight to stay fit.
Extra body fat, particularly if stored around the abdomen, can increase the body’s resistance to the hormone insulin. This can lead to type 2 diabetes.
Obesity is a major cause of insulin resistance – approx 90% of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese.
4.Monitor your Blood Sugar
Check your blood sugar level at least two times a day. Is it in the range told by your doctor? Also, record it down so you can track your improvement and note how food and exercise affect your levels.
This is very important because checking the blood sugar level you can’t analyze your improvement.
So, don’t forget to check the blood sugar level.
Therefore, this is all about diabetes symptoms, causes, treatment, and prevention.
To control diabetes follow these tips, it really beneficial. Don’t let diabetes damages your kidneys.
As we know health is our first priority. Everyone wants to stay fit and happy. So, beware your health, even don’t ignore small issues. Because a small issue can create big problems.
In simple words, care yourself and stay fit and happy.
Q1. How can diabetes symptoms be treated?
Ans. To treat diabetes symptoms:
- Check your blood sugar level daily
- Take a balanced diet
- Exercise regularly
- Manage your Weight
Q2. What is the early sign of diabetes?
Ans. Early Sign and Symptoms of Diabetes:
- Dry Mouth
- Increased hunger
- Blurred vision
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- A headache
Q3. What other health problem can diabetes cause?
Ans. Diabetes increases the risk of several problems like cardiovascular diseases, heart attack, stroke. if you are suffering from diabetes then, more likely to have heart diseases or stroke.
Q4. What food diabetics should avoid?
Ans: Avoid the Food which is listed below:
- Sugar-sweetened Beverages.
- Trans fat food
- White Bread, Rice, and Pasta.
- Dried Fruit
- Fruit Flavored yogurt
Hope this article helps you to know a common disease, diabetes. If you like this article then, don’t forget to share it also with your peers!