A Balanced Diet is a key factor to live a healthy life. So, do you know what is a balanced diet? How much of which foods should you eat? What is the importance of Balanced diet? How to maintain a balanced diet?
If your answer is no, then I must say you should read this guide to get your all possible queries regarding Balanced Diet.
Let’s start with the meaning of a balanced diet.
A balanced diet, a diet that contains the proper proportions of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals, vitamin, and water necessary to maintain good health.
A balanced diet is one that gives your body the nutrients it needs to function accurately. To get the proper nutrition from your diet, you must consume the majority of your daily calories in below-listed food:
You must include all the listed food in your diet.
“A variety of foods, basing meals on starchy foods and eating at least five portions of fruit and vegetables a day.”
Each and every nutritionist says that having a balanced diet is much more important, and it has a lot of benefits. Hence, all the organs and tissues in our body need all the nutrients to work properly and effectively.
Now, Let’s discuss some reasons why a balanced diet is important:
Suggested Read: Nutrition Tips For Healthy Living
A balanced diet has 5 major components are:
A wide source of energy, carbohydrates contains about 60% or 310 gm of a person’s diet. Maximum of your energy requirements are met from carbohydrates. Prefer carefully from complex carbohydrate sources such as rice, pasta, whole grains-wheat, millets, brown rice etc.
Protein is needed to assist your body to repair cells. They basically help with the development of skin, muscles, and hair. We can get protein from plants sources or animal sources.
Approx 25% of daily calories should come from the protein found in pulses such as- moong dal, urad dhal, and rajma, and beans. Milk and dairy products such as -paneer, curd, are also a good source of protein. Non-vegetarians can prefer eggs, fish and lean meat.
Fats are supplied to our body by various foods like butter, egg, milk etc. and all cooking oils provide us fats. It contributes to approx 15% of daily calories needs and it is also a major energy source.
Vitamin and minerals support metabolism. Our body requires a large number of minerals, but the more important once are calcium, iron, sodium, Iodine, and potassium.
Fruits and vegetables are the major sources of vitamins and minerals.
We all know life without water is unimaginable. A main nutritional component that helps regulate body temperature, lubricate your joints and protects your organs, and tissues. You should drink at least 7-8 glasses of water each day.
So, these are the 5 major components. You must include it in your diet.
The following foods are an essential part of a balanced diet.
As we know eating vegetables provides us with many health benefits. People who eat more vegetables are the most healthy person and keep away from diseases. Vegetables give nutrients essential for the health and maintenance of your body.
Fruits are known as a bunch of vitamins and minerals. Eating fruits is very important for healthy living.
Cereals and grains are very important in our meal. Grains and cereals are good sources of fiber, carbohydrates, protein, vitamins, and minerals.
This group of food is rich in protein and it is also a good source of nutrients like iron, zinc, iodine, vitamins.
We all know that milk and dairy products are healthy foods and considered nutrient-rich due to they serve as good sources of vitamin D and calcium as well as protein and some other essential nutrients.
|Children and adolescents||Grains and cereal||Vegetables and Legumes||Fruit||milk, cheese, yogurt or alternatives||Lean meat, eggs, fish, poultry, legumes, nuts, and seeds|
|Children 2-3 years||4||2 ½||1||1 ½||1|
|Children 4-8 years||4||4 ½||1 ½||2 for boys
1.5 for girls
|Children 9-11 years||5 for boys
4 for girls
|5||2||2 ½ for boys
3 for girls
|Adolescents 12-13 years||5.5 for boys
5 for girls
|5 ½ for boys
5 for girls
|2||3 ½||2 ½|
|Adolescents 14-18 years||7 for boys
7 for girls
|5 ½ for boys
5 for girls
|2||3 ½||2 ½|
|Women||Bread, cereals, rice, pasta, noodles||Vegetables, legumes||Fruit||Milk, yoghurt, cheese||Meat, fish, poultry, eggs, nuts, legumes|
|Women 19-50 years||6||5||2||2 ½||2 ½|
|Women 51-70 years||4||5||2||4||2|
|Pregnant||8 ½||5||2||2 ½||3 ½|
|Breastfeeding||9||7 ½||2||2 ½||2 ½|
|Men||Bread, cereals, rice, pasta, noodles||Vegetables and Legumes||Fruit||Milk, yoghurt, cheese||Meat, fish, poultry, eggs, nuts, legumes|
|19-50 years||6||6||2||2 ½||3|
|51-70 years||6||5 ½||2||2 ½||2 ½|
|70+ years||4 ½||5||2||3 ½||2 ½|
Note: All the Diet chart is according to Australian dietary guidelines.
So, this is all about a balanced diet. This article will surely help you to gather any information related to a balanced diet.
Hence, pay attention to your diet and try to avoid your bad eating habits because it can increase the risk factor of having diseases.
If you like this article, then don’t forget to share it also with your peers and give your valuable feedback or any other suggestion related to this article in the comment section!